Daily Hero's Trek

   The Daily Hero's Trek is a project developed to modernize and refine the classic Hero's Journey from mythology in a way that fits easily into modern lives, but has far more practical impact on planetary challenges than legendary or historic heroic quests could.  Because of current AI tools, as well as social media and advanced cell phone apps, people can complete a Hero's adventure in minutes, and see positive impact on causes for years to come.

   We build projects aimed at using AIs like ChatGPT, Bard, Bing, and Claude to create frameworks that utilize social media and forecasting tools to derive new solutions for years to come.  The result is a combination of measurable impact on definable objectives like the UN's 17 Agenda for Sustainability Goals,  together with an instant feeling of individual accomplishment, since the programs are designed to be completed in less than a day.  In fact, they are often finished in a fraction of the daily time an average person spends on social media.

   The Daily Hero's Trek  was created by Be the Singularity and Artificial Intelligence for Good, as well as researchers and students from Harvard, NYU, Taras Shevchenko University in Ukraine, the University of Delhi, Yale, Texas A&M, Princeton, Cambridge, the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa,  Cornell, the University of Tokyo,  UC Berkeley, and Oxford. Outreach coordinators include Nala Shikongo, Priya Patel, Maria Valenzuela, Brad Orford, and Soani Gunawan.

                                                                                  Classic Hero's Journey


                                                        Modern Hero's Journey

In the Modern version of the Hero's Trek, there are Thought-Feeling experiences which, when pursued diligently on a daily basis in the service of using AI to meet the UN goals, optimize the individual to both achieve the given result, and inspire others to contribute.  Most of the targets which are derived from the UN's 17 Agenda for Sustainability Goals are amenable to this approach. Maximizing character-enhancing experiences for the 'hero' makes addressing the goals more efficient and more fulfilling.

  In the beginning of this project's predecessor, in 2019, we struggled with the task of insuring that each creator experienced the maximum amount of these motivational inspirations.  Not everyone is moved to Awe, or Gratitude, or Brainstorms by the same things.  Through trial and error, we discovered that the BEST way to do this is to lead participants to ASK their group members what inspires them, and then provide THAT.

  In so doing, we find that veteran creators spend a certain amount of time daily infusing their online friends with awe, the power of stories, humor, creativity, and the excitement of group brainstorming. Participant Savithri Patel says "when you do this long enough, you no longer ask what the purpose of life is.  This IS the purpose."

In 2023 the Daily Hero's Trek is concentrating on UN goals and targets which address Climate Change, Peace, Equality, Gender rights, Poverty, Epidemics, Clean water, Justice, Mental health, Infectious diseases, and Education.

In addition to producing new avenues for addressing Earth's most significant problems as codified by the UN's Sustainability Goals,  Daily Hero's Treks have the capacity to lend meaning to an individual's life, as the positive effects on each issue are visible and measurable, yet can easily be finished in 2 hours.

  The project began, under a different name, in 2019.  Some of the founders participated in creating videos for TikTok for good (Tiktok.com/forgood) and developed protocols for maximizing the impact the videos had, as well as enjoyment from making them.  They asked continually: How can we make finding solutions for the UN's 17 Agenda for Sustainability Goals easier, more 'social', and fulfilling enough so that people will want to explore new answers every day?

  The recent explosion in capacity of Generative AI tools makes this possible. Our powers have become almost infinite-- what's needed is judgement and wisdom to use them efficiently.

  The heroes of old might save a maiden from a dragon, or a tribe from a plague, or convert an ogre into a Princess, but they didn't have the ability to develop solutions to global challenges that imperil millions. Nor could they develp, refine, and test these answers almost instantly.

  We  have created a protocol that is designed to allow individuals to go on their own 'Hero's Journey', using AI, social media, the web, and cellphone apps, with a micro-goal that can be completed in a few minutes. The goals for each Journey are significant enough that they have a measurable impact, but small enough that they can be completed quickly without taking too much time out of one's day.  Building  such projects continually builds confidence and a sense of communion with fellow creators. 

  A key component of the Daily Hero's Trek is awarding participants for significant achievement.  There are two types of Prizes.  Anyone who attempts to complete a Trek based on developing new approaches to a given UN Sustainability Goals target (scroll down to see list of the 170 targets)  can name an award after themselves. That Award is then conferred by the participant upon anyone who contributes significantly to that sub-target.  

  The other Prize is the Hero Award, offered to those who have performed a truly exemplary feat in service of one of the UN's goals.


                                      General Protocol for creating Daily Hero's Trek

  First, one chooses one of the targets listed by the UN under the 17 Agenda for Sustainability Goals (at bottom of page).

Then one uses ChatGPT, Bard, Bing, and Claude to ask "What are 5 major challenges within the target ____________?"  We use 4 AI platforms because each tends to have deficiencies which are balanced out by others.

  Then one asks  the AIs for 3 best solutions for each of the challenges mentioned. Out of these one chooses an option that is amenable to discussion by the public on social media (meaning that its solutions are not overly technical or specialized) and for which answers can be explained in a press release.

  The participant then creates a Facebook group,  Pinterest page,  Linkedin Group, Instagram account, Twitter page, and Threads page, and Google group devoted to the topic. 

  First posts to the group are the solutions created by the AIs, followed by leading questions designed to elicit the largest possible response. One might ask "Who can refine, develop, correct, or add to the solution described?" The goal is to combine the best of Human and Artificial Intelligence. To reach as many people as possible through the widest possible array of motivations. creators appeal to the most common emotions that inspire people to problem-solve together: Awe, Gratitude, Laughter, Brainstorming, Experimentation, and Storytelling.  

  Those social media group members who make significant suggestions, or implement new answers, can be offered the Award named after the project's creator.  And in turn THEY can initiate an Award named after THEMSELVES. 

  To find contributors worthy of an Award devoted to a UN sub-target, creators can use Google Alerts to tell them when someone has done something newsworthy in service of said target.  If Google Alerts does not produce enough candidates, they can also use programs like Talkwalker, Awario, Mention, or Sprout Social.

  Key to success is posting and engaging with group members at least once a week to keep discussions fresh.

 After the general protocol steps are followed, projects can take several forms. They can be a Disaster Relief program, a brainstorming session (often using tools like generateideas.ai) a cultural preservation site, a competition for memes, graphics, or videos designed to inspire creativity around the topic, a swarm intelligence discussion which enlists the power of the crowd to innovate, or a forecasting program using a tool like Metaculus.

Every week program  builders can send their results to Daily Hero's Trek management, who will publish them in a press release, as well as the names of Award winners. Releases are distributed by Send2Press, 24-7 News releases, PRWeb, Cision, PRlog e-Releases, and KISS PR.  

 Creators can also host a Zoom session on the DHT's channel, given to discussing their chosen UN target.

Says Daily Hero's Trek co-founder Svetlana Shevchenko: 

"The Heroic Journeys we read about, such as those undertaken by mythological and historical figures, had a physical component in that they were actual JOURNEYS through time and space.

Nowadays we live much of our lives online, and it makes sense to conduct our hero's treks there.  We're busy-- so whatever we accomplish must fit into a few minutes snatched here and there--BUT-- this does NOT mean that  we accomplish less than the Heroes of old.  We actually achieve MORE.  The Legendary hero saved one Damsel in Distress. But YOU can positively affect the lives of thousands.  This may not be apparent during the first week of creating DHTs; but after a while, when you have built 5 or 6 projects, you sense the immense power and capability of what this can do."

  Adds another co-founder, Amy Chang:  "As you continue to use the AIs, and to  communicate with your group, soon you will derive solutions yourself for  your chosen target.  After all, you are probably the only one on Earth who is not only regularly seeking more answers for your UN sub-goal through 4 of the most powerful AIs on the planet, you are also in regular communication with others on 5 major social media sites who are doing the same. At a certain point it will be hard for new solutions to  hide from you!"

Rather than setting aside a distinct amount of time to work on their Daily Hero Treks, most creators work on their programs (which usually means posting to social media groups) when inspiration strikes throughout the day. Thus their lives don't differ from other moderns who check their phones every few minutes; it's just that the DHT 'hero' is building something that will have a measurable effect on the world and will continue indefinitely.

 Significant contributions to Daily Hero's Trek been made by members of the Save Ukraine Network.  They face so many daily challenges due to the current war that they are forced to develop answers to many kinds of problems very quickly. They were 'heroes' long before they participated in this project.  Their issues do not come from the UN 17 Goals targets, but are rather things like "How do we most efficiently get medical care to the front lines?" and "what is the best way to predict where Russian drone strikes will hit next?"  and "how do we restore power and water to areas recently attacked by missiles?" 

  An example of a typical project created in 30 minutes or less is Afghanwomenrising.org. In January, 2023, a pair of Harvard students from Afghanistan found that since Twitter was reviving its paid-for verification feature, represented by blue check marks on one's Twitter page, top Taliban officials immediately applied for verification, during the same week in which they announced that women could no longer attend high school (they were already not allowed to attend university).  The students decided to create a traditional  'Sher Jangi', or poetry battle, in which Afhans could compete with each other by writing poems in Dari, Pashto, or Uzbek.

  Since then 1600 poems have been written, by both women and men, about 50% with the assistance of AI. Younger Taliban, who are more likely to support social change including granting women rights, have been among the most enthusiastic participants.  Though part of a long process, the project is building connections among people who can help to improve the plight of women without violence. 

  Without AI such a program would have taken many days to produce; with AI it required minutes.

  Another example is a project created by students at Taras Shevchenko National University in Ukraine to predict movements of Russian troops so as to protect civilians from danger.  Using AI, they taught citizens how to collate real-time updated map data from  eyesonrussia.org     with unencrypted Russian phone messages from https://9gag.com/gag/ang7R15   to make up-to-the minute predictions whose accuracy improves with every usage.  Later Ukrainian Territorial Defense forces adopted a similar strategy.

  The program, once again, was built in less than 30 minutes.

Another project involves using the MIT Climate Simulator ( https://en-roads.climateinteractive.org/scenario.html?v=23.6.1) to create and compare forecasts through Metaculus, which is a platform and aggregation engine "working to improve human reasoning and coordination on topics of global importance" (Metaculus.com).

  Students from the University of Tokyo are building a Daily Hero's Journey concerned with "Keitai Shosetsu", or cellphone novels. These miniature works of literature have a great effect on Japanese youth, and both positive and negative aspects. Participants are mounting a contest for worthy Keitai Shosetsus that promote human dignity, and are also working with social scientists to outline how this phenomenon is changing Japanese society.

  Key figures in the development of Daily Hero's Trek include Savithri Patel, Savannah Partridge, J.A. Toomey, Amy  Chang, Robert Stimson, Angela Hardwicke.  Oksana Shevchenko, Paul Dyson, Federica Little, Cory Chen, Xander Thistlewaite, Marian Evans, Lisa Santoro, Miriam Stein, Ali Takwar, Melissa Johnson, and Paul Little.

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Sustainable Development Goals and Targets

For details on Sustainable Development Goals, targets and associated indicators visit the Inter-agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators.

Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere


By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day


By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions


Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable


By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance


By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters


Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions


Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture


By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round


By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons


By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment


By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality


By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed


Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries


Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round


Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages


By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births


By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births


By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases


By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being


Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol


By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents


By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes


Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all


By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination


Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate


Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all


Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States


Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all


By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes


By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education


By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university


By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship


By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations


By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy


By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development


Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all


By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries


By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls


End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere


Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation


Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation


Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate


Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life


Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences


Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws


Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women


Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all


By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity


By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes


By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies


Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all


By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services


By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix


By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency


By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology


By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all


Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries


Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors


Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services


Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead


By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value


By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training


Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms


Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment


By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products


Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all


Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries


By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all


Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries


Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets


By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities


Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending


Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States


Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities


Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

Goal 10

Reduce inequality within and among countries


By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average


By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status


Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard


Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality


Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations


Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions


Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies


Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements


Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes


By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable


By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums


By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons


By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries


Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations


By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management


By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities


Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning


By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels


Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns


Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries


By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources


By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses


By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment


By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse


Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle


Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities


By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature


Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production


Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products


Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts


Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development


By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution


By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans


Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels


By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics


By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information


By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation


By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism


Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries


Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets


Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want

Goal 15

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss


By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements


By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally


By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world


By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development


Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species


Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed


Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products


By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species


By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts


Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems


Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation


Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

Goal 16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels


Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere


End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children


Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all


By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime


Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms


Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels


Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels


Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance


By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration


Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements


Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime


Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development


Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection


Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries


Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources


Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress


Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries


Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism


Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed


Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology


Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation


Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda


Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020


Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access


Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence


Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development


Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development


Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries


Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships


By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts


By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries